Generally, waste management include any kind of waste which results from human activities such as manufacture of products from raw materials, raw materials extraction and using of the final product. Waste management is done to reduce negative effects on the environment and health of human beings. Practices involved in waste management are not similar in most countries. They vary from developed to developing countries and rural to urban regions. In the earlier days, humans generated low amounts of waste since the population density was low and the level of natural resources exploitation was low. The common waste that was produced was ashes and human waste that was biodegradable. Tools such as metal and wood were re-used in various generations. The method selected for disposing waste should be environmental friendly. Management of waste involves various activities such as:
- Treatment, transport and collection of waste.
- Reducing production of waste through processes such as recycling and reusing.
- Monitoring of any waste production.
Sustainability of waste disposal presented by http://rubbishremovalbrisbaneqld.com.au/
For a business to maintain accreditation and be certified, waste management is a key concern. Companies are required to enhance their waste elimination process to improve on the environment efficiency. This is done mostly by sustainability practices such as resource recovery activities. Recycling of waste materials such as glass, paper and plastic bottles is a great example of resource recovery.
Biological processing in waste management
Organic materials such as plant materials, paper products and food scraps are usually recovered using composting means. The process of digestion is then used in decomposition of organic matter. These organic materials are then recycled as compost or mulch for use in landscaping or agricultural purposes. Moreover, the waste gases emitted, for example methane can be harvested and then used in generation of electricity and heat. The main objective of biological processes in management of waste is to speed up and control the natural processes which are incorporated in organic matter decomposition.